WLAN Karte falsch konfiguriert? Kismet läuft nicht


Mein neues Notebook läuft inzwischen ziemlich angenehm und eigentlich funktioniert auch das WLAN. Zumindest komme ich gut damit ins internet. Allerdings läuft Kismet nicht. Verbaut ist eine Atheros-Karte und der Madwifi Treiber ist installiert. Notebook ist eins aus der Asus X5DIJ Serie

nimda-notebook:/etc# lsmod |grep ath
ath9k                 201704  0 
mac80211              143244  1 ath9k
ath                     7328  1 ath9k
cfg80211               77228  3 ath9k,mac80211,ath
led_class               3868  2 ath9k,asus_laptop

nimda-notebook:/etc# lspci |grep Net
02:00.0 Network controller: Atheros Communications Inc. Device 002b (rev 01)

Hier die kismet.conf

# Kismet config file
# Most of the "static" configs have been moved to here -- the command line
# config was getting way too crowded and cryptic.  We want functionality,
# not continually reading --help!

# Version of Kismet config

# Name of server (Purely for organizational purposes)

# User to setid to (should be your normal user)

# Do we try to put networkmanager to sleep?  If you use NM, this is probably
# what you want to do, so that it will leave the interfaces alone while
# Kismet is using them.  This requires DBus support!

# Sources are defined as:
# source=sourcetype,interface,name[,initialchannel]
# Source types and required drivers are listed in the README under the
# The initial channel is optional, if hopping is not enabled it can be used
# to set the channel the interface listens on.

# Comma-separated list of sources to enable.  This is only needed if you defined
# multiple sources and only want to enable some of them.  By default, all defined
# sources are enabled.
# For example:
# enablesources=prismsource,ciscosource

# Automatically destroy VAPs on multi-vap interfaces (like madwifi-ng).
# Madwifi-ng doesn't work in rfmon when non-rfmon VAPs are present, however
# this is a fairly invasive change to the system so it CAN be disabled.  Expect
# things not to work in most cases if you do disable it, however.

# Do we channelhop?

# How many channels per second do we hop?  (1-10)

# By setting the dwell time for channel hopping we override the channelvelocity
# setting above and dwell on each channel for the given number of seconds.

# Do we split channels between cards on the same spectrum?  This means if 
# multiple 802.11b capture sources are defined, they will be offset to cover
# the most possible spectrum at a given time.  This also controls splitting
# fine-tuned sourcechannels lines which cover multiple interfaces (see below)

# Basic channel hopping control:
# These define the channels the cards hop through for various frequency ranges
# supported by Kismet.   More finegrain control is available via the 
# "sourcechannels" configuration option.
# Don't change the IEEE80211<x> identifiers or channel hopping won't work.

# Users outside the US might want to use this list:
# defaultchannels=IEEE80211b:1,7,13,2,8,3,14,9,4,10,5,11,6,12

# 802.11g uses the same channels as 802.11b...

# 802.11a channels are non-overlapping so sequential is fine.  You may want to
# adjust the list depending on the channels your card actually supports.
# defaultchannels=IEEE80211a:36,40,44,48,52,56,60,64,100,104,108,112,116,120,124,128,132,136,140,149,153,157,161,184,188,192,196,200,204,208,212,216 

# Combo cards like Atheros use both 'a' and 'b/g' channels.  Of course, you
# can also explicitly override a given source.  You can use the script 
# extras/listchan.pl to extract all the channels your card supports.

# Fine-tuning channel hopping control:
# The sourcechannels option can be used to set the channel hopping for 
# specific interfaces, and to control what interfaces share a list of 
# channels for split hopping.  This can also be used to easily lock
# one card on a single channel while hopping with other cards.
# Any card without a sourcechannel definition will use the standard hopping
# list.
# sourcechannels=sourcename[,sourcename]:ch1,ch2,ch3,...chN

# ie, for us channels on the source 'prism2source' (same as normal channel
# hopping behavior):
# sourcechannels=prism2source:1,6,11,2,7,3,8,4,9,5,10

# Given two capture sources, "prism2a" and "prism2b", we want prism2a to stay
# on channel 6 and prism2b to hop normally.  By not setting a sourcechannels 
# line for prism2b, it will use the standard hopping.
# sourcechannels=prism2a:6

# To assign the same custom hop channel to multiple sources, or to split the 
# same custom hop channel over two sources (if splitchannels is true), list
# them all on the same sourcechannels line:
# sourcechannels=prism2a,prism2b,prism2c:1,6,11

# Port to serve GUI data
# People allowed to connect, comma seperated IP addresses or network/mask
# blocks.  Netmasks can be expressed as dotted quad (/ or as
# numbers (/24)
# Address to bind to.  Should be an address already configured already on
# this host, reverts to INADDR_ANY if specified incorrectly.
# Maximum number of concurrent GUI's

# Do we have a GPS?
# Host:port that GPSD is running on.  This can be localhost OR remote!
# Do we lock the mode?  This overrides coordinates of lock "0", which will
# generate some bad information until you get a GPS lock, but it will 
# fix problems with GPS units with broken NMEA that report lock 0

# Packet filtering options:
# filter_tracker - Packets filtered from the tracker are not processed or
#                  recorded in any way.
# filter_dump    - Packets filtered at the dump level are tracked, displayed,
#                  and written to the csv/xml/network/etc files, but not 
#                  recorded in the packet dump
# filter_export  - Controls what packets influence the exported CSV, network,
#                  xml, gps, etc files.
# All filtering options take arguments containing the type of address and
# addresses to be filtered.  Valid address types are 'ANY', 'BSSID',
# 'SOURCE', and 'DEST'.  Filtering can be inverted by the use of '!' before
# the address.  For example,
# filter_tracker=ANY(!00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF)
# has the same effect as the previous mac_filter config file option.
# filter_tracker=...
# filter_dump=...
# filter_export=...

# Alerts to be reported and the throttling rates.
# alert=name,throttle/unit,burst/unit
# The throttle/unit describes the number of alerts of this type that are
# sent per time unit.  Valid time units are second, minute, hour, and day.
# Burst rates control the number of packets sent at a time
# For example:
# alert=FOO,10/min,5/sec
# Would allow 5 alerts per second, and 10 alerts total per minute.
# A throttle rate of 0 disables throttling of the alert.
# See the README for a list of alert types.

# Known WEP keys to decrypt, bssid,hexkey.  This is only for networks where
# the keys are already known, and it may impact throughput on slower hardware.
# Multiple wepkey lines may be used for multiple BSSIDs.
# wepkey=00:DE:AD:C0:DE:00,FEEDFACEDEADBEEF01020304050607080900

# Is transmission of the keys to the client allowed?  This may be a security
# risk for some.  If you disable this, you will not be able to query keys from
# a client.

# How often (in seconds) do we write all our data files (0 to disable)

# How old (and inactive) does a network need to be before we expire it?
# This is really only good for limited ram environments where keeping a
# total log of all networks is problematic.  This is in seconds, and should
# be set to a large value like 12 or 24 hours.  This is intended for use
# on stationary systems like an IDS
# logexpiry=86400

# Do we limit the number of networks we log?  This is for low-ram situations
# when tracking everything could lead to the system falling down.  This
# should be combined with a sane logexpiry value to flush out very old 
# inactive networks.  This is mainly for stationary systems like an IDS.
# limitnets=10000

# Do we track IVs?  this can help identify some attacks, but takes a LOT
# of memory to do so on a busy network.  If you have the RAM, by all
# means turn it on.

# Do we use sound?
# Not to be confused with GUI sound parameter, this controls wether or not the
# server itself will play sound.  Primarily for headless or automated systems.
# Path to sound player
# Optional parameters to pass to the player
# soundopts=--volume=.3
# New network found
# Wepped new network
# sound_new_wep=${prefix}/com/kismet/wav/new_wep_network.wav
# Network traffic sound
# Network junk traffic found
# GPS lock aquired sound
# sound_gpslock=//usr/share/kismet/wav/foo.wav
# GPS lock lost sound
# sound_gpslost=//usr/share/kismet/wav/bar.wav
# Alert sound

# Does the server have speech? (Again, not to be confused with the GUI's speech)
# Server's path to Festival
# Are we using festival lite?  If so, set the above "festival" path to also
# point to the "flite" binary
# Are we using Darwin speech? 
# What voice do we use?  (Currently only valid on Darwin)
# How do we speak?  Valid options:
# speech    Normal speech
# nato      NATO spellings (alpha, bravo, charlie)
# spell     Spell the letters out (aye, bee, sea)
# speech_encrypted and speech_unencrypted - Speech templates
# Similar to the logtemplate option, this lets you customize the speech output.
# speech_encrypted is used for an encrypted network spoken string
# speech_unencrypted is used for an unencrypted network spoken string
# %b is replaced by the BSSID (MAC) of the network
# %s is replaced by the SSID (name) of the network
# %c is replaced by the CHANNEL of the network
# %r is replaced by the MAX RATE of the network
speech_encrypted=New network detected, s.s.i.d. %s, channel %c, network encrypted.
speech_unencrypted=New network detected, s.s.i.d. %s, channel %c, network open.

# Where do we get our manufacturer fingerprints from?  Assumed to be in the
# default config directory if an absolute path is not given.

# Use metric measurements in the output?

# Do we write waypoints for gpsdrive to load?  Note:  This is NOT related to
# recent versions of GPSDrive's native support of Kismet.
# GPSDrive waypoint file.  This WILL be truncated.
# Do we want ESSID or BSSID as the waypoint name ?

# How many alerts do we backlog for new clients?  Only change this if you have
# a -very- low memory system and need those extra bytes, or if you have a high
# memory system and a huge number of alert conditions.

# File types to log, comma seperated
# dump    - raw packet dump
# network - plaintext detected networks
# csv     - plaintext detected networks in CSV format
# xml     - XML formatted network and cisco log
# weak    - weak packets (in airsnort format)
# cisco   - cisco equipment CDP broadcasts
# gps     - gps coordinates

# Do we track probe responses and merge probe networks into their owners?
# This isn't always desireable, depending on the type of monitoring you're
# trying to do.

# Do we log "noise" packets that we can't decipher?  I tend to not, since 
# they don't have anything interesting at all in them.

# Do we log corrupt packets?  Corrupt packets have enough header information
# to see what they are, but someting is wrong with them that prevents us from
# completely dissecting them.  Logging these is usually not a bad idea.

# Do we log beacon packets or do we filter them out of the dumpfile

# Do we log PHY layer packets or do we filter them out of the dumpfile

# Do we mangle packets if we can decrypt them or if they're fuzzy-detected

# Do we do "fuzzy" crypt detection?  (byte-based detection instead of 802.11
# frame headers)
# valid option: Comma seperated list of card types to perform fuzzy detection 
#  on, or 'all'

# Do we do forgiving fuzzy packet decoding?  This lets us handle borked drivers
# which don't indicate they're including FCS, and then do.

# Do we use network-classifier fuzzy-crypt detection?  This means we expect 
# packets that are associated with an encrypted network to be encrypted too, 
# and we process them by the same fuzzy compare. 
# This essentially replaces the fuzzycrypt per-source option.

# What type of dump do we generate? 
# valid option: "wiretap" 
# Do we limit the size of dump logs?  Sometimes ethereal can't handle big ones.
# 0 = No limit
# Anything else = Max number of packets to log to a single file before closing
# and opening a new one.

# Do we write data packets to a FIFO for an external data-IDS (such as Snort)?
# See the docs before enabling this.

# Default log title

# logtemplate - Filename logging template.
# This is, at first glance, really nasty and ugly, but you'll hardly ever
# have to touch it so don't complain too much.
# %n is replaced by the logging instance name
# %d is replaced by the current date as Mon-DD-YYYY
# %D is replaced by the current date as YYYYMMDD
# %t is replaced by the starting log time
# %i is replaced by the increment log in the case of multiple logs
# %l is replaced by the log type (dump, status, crypt, etc)
# %h is replaced by the home directory
# ie, "netlogs/%n-%d-%i.dump" called with a logging name of "Pok" could expand
# to something like "netlogs/Pok-Dec-20-01-1.dump" for the first instance and 
# "netlogs/Pok-Dec-20-01-2.%l" for the second logfile generated.
# %h/netlots/%n-%d-%i.dump could expand to
# /home/foo/netlogs/Pok-Dec-20-01-2.dump
# Other possibilities:  Sorting by directory
# logtemplate=%l/%n-%d-%i
# Would expand to, for example,
# dump/Pok-Dec-20-01-1
# crypt/Pok-Dec-20-01-1
# and so on.  The "dump", "crypt", etc, dirs must exist before kismet is run
# in this case.

# Where do we store the pid file of the server?

# Where state info, etc, is stored.  You shouldnt ever need to change this.
# This is a directory.

# cloaked SSID file.  You shouldn't ever need to change this.

# Group map file.  You shouldn't ever need to change this.

# IP range map file.  You shouldn't ever need to change this.

Fehlerausgabe von Kismet:

nimda-notebook:/etc# kismet
Launching kismet_server: //usr/bin/kismet_server
Suid priv-dropping disabled.  This may not be secure.
No specific sources given to be enabled, all will be enabled.
Non-RFMon VAPs will be destroyed on multi-vap interfaces (ie, madwifi-ng)
Enabling channel hopping.
Enabling channel splitting.
NOTICE: Disabling channel hopping, no enabled sources are able to change channel.
Source 0 (atheros): Enabling monitor mode for madwifi_ag source interface wlan0 channel 6...
ERROR:  Unable to create VAP: Operation not supported
ERROR:  Unable to create monitor-mode VAP
WARNING: wlan0 appears to not accept the Madwifi-NG controls. Will attempt to configure it as a standard Madwifi-old interface. If you are using madwifi-ng, be sure to set the source interface to the wifiX control interface, NOT athX
FATAL: Failed to retrieve list of private ioctls 95:Operation not supported

Ich kann mit dieser Fehlermeldung leider nichts anfangen. Könnte mir das jemand erklären und helfen das zu lösen?

Danke und Gruß

ich kenn mich mit kismet nicht aus, aber ich vermute den fehler in zeile 28. schalt mal deine karte manuell in den monitor mode (oder mit airmon aus dem aircrack paket) und schau nach, ob wirklich wlan0 zum monitoren verwendet wird. ich vermute nicht.
nimda-notebook:/home/nimda05# iwconfig wlan0 mode Monitor
nimda-notebook:/home/nimda05# iwconfig
lo        no wireless extensions.

eth0      no wireless extensions.

wmaster0  no wireless extensions.

wlan0     IEEE 802.11bgn  Mode:Monitor  Frequency:2.462 GHz  Tx-Power=20 dBm   
          Retry  long limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Encryption key:off
          Power Management:off
          Link Quality:0  Signal level:0  Noise level:0
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0

nimda-notebook:/home/nimda05# iwconfig wlan0 mode Managed
nimda-notebook:/home/nimda05# iwconfig
lo        no wireless extensions.

eth0      no wireless extensions.

wmaster0  no wireless extensions.

wlan0     IEEE 802.11bgn  ESSID:""  
          Mode:Managed  Frequency:2.462 GHz  Access Point: Not-Associated   
          Tx-Power=20 dBm   
          Retry  long limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Encryption key:off
          Power Management:on
          Link Quality:0  Signal level:0  Noise level:0
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0


also laut iwconfig schon...
ok, war nur ne vermutung. wenn ich mit airmon meine karte in den promisciousmode schalte, dann bekomm ich ein neues interface "mon0". sorry, da mußt du auf jemand kismet-kundiges warten ;)
Dein Fehler liegt in der source-Angabe. Du nutzt keine madwifi-Treiber, sondern die ath9k.
woran liegt das? was kann ich tun?

ich habe das packet madwifi-source installiert, kombieliert und das modul installiert.. behaupte ich... ;)
Original von Nimda05
woran liegt das? was kann ich tun?

ich habe das packet madwifi-source installiert, kombieliert und das modul installiert.. behaupte ich... ;)

Und ich behaupte, dass du es nicht geladen hast, da es lsmod nicht anzeigt (eventl. wäre auch die Anzeige von dmesg hilfereich) ;)
Stattdessen wird ath9k genutzt - wie du sicherlich selbst sehen kannst.

Allerdings müsstest du meines Wissens aber kismet auch dazu bewegen können mit dem ath9k (ath5k?) zusammenzuarbeiten. Dazu einfach mal einen Blick in die Dokumentation werfen.
Dort findet sich u.a.
Madwifi (Linux):

Madwifi-ng has been largely deprecated by ath5k/ath9k for normal
usage. These drivers support multi-vap more cleanly via the mac80211
layer and do not, typically, have the same problems historically
present in madwifi.
Ja das ist evtl nicht ganz unlogisch. Ich habe gerade versucht das Madwifi Modul nochmal mit dem m-a zu installieren
Ich muss dazu sagen ich benutze den neuesten Kernel 2.6.31-rc2-686-bigmem

m-a a-i madwifi

und dann kommt folgende Meldung:

 Pech gehabt, es wurden keine zum aktuellen Kernel passende Headers gefunden und es
 wurden keine weiteren Kernel-Verzeichnisse angegeben.

Das Packet linux-headers-2.6.31-rc2-686-bigmem kann nicht installiert werden, weil eine Abhängigkeit nach linux-kbuild-2.6.31 nicht aufgelöst werden kann.. Das Packet gibts scheinbar noch garnicht... Ich merke gerade das es evtl doch nicht so schlau war den neuesten testing kernel zu installieren :p
Bei :p 2.6.30 hab ich genau dsa gleiche Problem mit kbuild. Was also tun? Downgrade auf 2.6.29? Weiter runter kann ich nicht, sonst läuft nen teil meiner Hardware nich mehr :p
habe ich schon ausprobiert. folgendes ergebnis:

nimda-notebook:/etc/kismet# kismet
Launching kismet_server: //usr/bin/kismet_server
Suid priv-dropping disabled.  This may not be secure.
No specific sources given to be enabled, all will be enabled.
Non-RFMon VAPs will be destroyed on multi-vap interfaces (ie, madwifi-ng)
Enabling channel hopping.
Enabling channel splitting.
FATAL: Unknown capture source type 'ath9k' in source 'ath9k,wlan0,Atheros'

sagt mal ist der Madwifi Treiber standartmäßig bei debian mit dabei? habe das OS wegen einigen anderen sachen nochmal neu aufgesetzt und auch jetzt gibts folgendes ergebnis:

nimda-notebook:/etc/kismet# lsmod |grep ath
ath9k                 207820  0 
mac80211              141588  1 ath9k
rfkill                  9632  2 ath9k
cfg80211               55128  2 ath9k,mac80211
led_class               3852  2 ath9k,asus_laptop